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Refrences
1- W. Smith,” Structure and Properties of Engineering Materials”, McGraw-Hill, 1987. 2- J.R. Davis, Stainless Steel (ASM Specialty Handbook), ASM, 1994.
H. Asteman, M. Spiegel, “ A Comparison of The Oxidation Behaviours of Al2O3 Formers and Cr2O3 Formers at 700 C Oxide Solid Solutions Acting as a Template for
Nucleation”, Corrosion Science 50, PP 1734– 1743,2008.
E. Airiskallio,” High Temperature Oxidation of Fe–Al and Fe–Cr–Al Alloys: The
Role of Cr as a Chemically Active Element”, Corrosion Science 52 , PP 3394–3404, 2010.
L. Dong-Sheng, D. Qi-xun, C. Xiao-nong,
W. Rong-rong, and H. Yan,” HighTemperature Oxidation Resistance of
Austenitic Stainless Steel Crl8NillCu3A13MnNb”, Journal of Iron and Steel Research 19(5) , pp 74-78, 2012.
H.Asteman, M. Spiegel, “ A Comparison of The Oxidation Behaviours of Al2O3 Formers and Cr2O3 Formers at 700 C Oxide Solid Solutions Acting as a Template for
Nucleation”, Corrosion Science 50, PP 1734– 1743,2008.
Z. Ahmad, “Principles of Corrosion Engineering and Corrosion Control,
Butterworth- Heinemann”, 2006.
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H. Asteman, J.E. Svensson, L.G. Johansson, M. Norell, “Indication of Chromium Oxide Hydroxide Evaporation During Oxidation of 304L at 873 K in the Presence of 10% Water Vapo”r, Oxidation of Metals 52, pp 95, 1999.
X. P eng, J. Yan, Y. Zhou, F. Wang, “Effect of Grain Refinement on the Resistance of 304 Stainless Steel to Breakaway Oxidation in Wet Air”, ActaMaterialia, 53 , pp 50795088, 2007.
V. Srinivasan, D.E. Goodman , A.R.
Kraus,” Effects of Ion Implantation on The Mixed Gas Corrosion of a Chromia Former ,Materials Science and Engineering”, A 121 ,pp 525 530, 1989.
A. Bautista, F. Velasco and J. Abenojar, “Oxidation Resistance of Sintered Stainless Steels: effect of Yttria Additions”, Corrosion Science 45 ,pp 1343–1354, 2003.
J. Jedlinski, G. Borchardt, M. Konopkab and M. Nocuna,” The Effect of Reactive Elements on The Oxidation Behaviourof
Fe23Cr5Al Alloys at High Temperatures”, Solid State Ionics 101-103, PP 1147-1155, 1997.
H. Ali-Loytty, P. Jussila and M. Valden, “Optimization of The Electrical Properties of Ti&Nb Stabilized Ferritic Stainless Steel SOFC Interconnect Alloy Upon Hightemperature Oxidation: The Role of Excess Nb on The Interfacial Oxidation at The Oxideemetal Interface”, International journal of hydrogen energy ,2012. 15- FH Stott, GC.Wood and J.Stringer, “The Influence of Alloying Elements on The Development and Maintenance of Protective Scales”. Oxid Metals 44,pp 113-145,1995.
J.Issartel,” High Temperature Behavior of The Metal/Oxide Interface of Ferritic Stainless Steels”, Corrosion Science 59 ,pp 148–156, 2012.
X. Xu, X.Zhang, G.Chen and Z.Lu,” Improvement of High-temperature Oxidation Resistance and Strength in Alumina-forming Austenitic Stainless Steels”, Materials Letters 65 , PP 3285–3288, 2011.
L. Dong-Sheng, D. Qi-xun, C. Xiao-nong, W. Rong-rong and H. Yan,” High-Temperature
Oxidation Resistance of Austenitic Stainless
Steel Crl8NillCu3A13MnNb”, Journal of Iron and Steel Research 19(5) , pp 74-78, 2012. 19- N. Birk,” Introduction to the High Temperature Oxidation of Metals”, Cambridge University Press, Mar 17, 2006.
20- J.R. Omanski,” Geometrical Factors in
Studies of The Kinetics of Oxidation of Metals at High Temperatures”, Corrosion Science 8, pp. 67 to 87, 1968. 21-H.Sh. Ray,” Kinetics of Metallurgical Reactions, Raja Primlani for Oxrord”,1993.
();( A 9&( ” RU .( *(HI .(( . -22
A* Y* 5 &(6) (* R(K V RW & X
@”ASTMA335S( $% ? 5 & AISI3479) 4) % .1391 A ( 0 (I < *
23- A.M. Huntz, A. Reckmann, C. Haut, C. Severac, M. Herbst, F.C.T. Resende and A.C.S. Sabioni , “Oxidation of AISI 304 and AISI 439 stainless steels”, Materials Science and Engineering A 447, PP 266–276, 2007. 24- E. Airiskallio, ect,” High Temperature Oxidation of Fe–Al and Fe–Cr–Al Alloys: The

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