ت در محی ط کار صورت می گیرد.

تشکر و قدردانی

بدین وسیله از کلیه کسانی که در انجام این پژوهشما را یاری نمودند تقدیر و قدردانی می شود. بحث
تجزیه و تحلیل بیانات مشار کتکنندگان نـشان دادکه پرستاران در سیستمی آموزش دیدهانـد کـ ه بـه پدیـ ده مراقبت فرهنگ ی کمتر اشـاره شـده اسـت. از سـوی دیگـرفرهنگ حا کم بر سیستم بیمارستانها نیز به گونهای اسـتکه دنباله روی سب ک آموزش آکادمیک بوده و در دوره هـای بازآموزی نیز این پد یـ ده مغفـول بـاقی مـ یمانـد . پرداختـهنشدن به موضوع مراقبت فرهنگی در برنامـه هـای درسـی آموزش پرستاری یکی از دغدغههـای مـشارکتکننـدگانب ـود. نتــایج مطالعــه Tortumluoglu و همکــاران در ترکیه نیز نشان میدهـد کـ ه هـیچ دوره تخصـصی بـرای پوشــش دادن مراقبــت فرهنگــ ی ارایــه نمــیشــود (16).
Cuellar و همکاران نیز اظهار می دارند که اضافه کردن محتوای صلاحیت فرهنگی به برنامه درسی از چالشهـایدانشکدههای پرسـتاری مـیباشـد (27). در همـین راسـتامطالعات مختلف نشان میدهنـد کـه ارایـ ه مراقبـت هـای مبتنی بر فرهنگ مسألهای است که از طریق برنامه درسی مستتر، با آن آشنا میشـوند و آمـوزش پرسـتاری ضـرورتاًپرستاران را برای مواجهه با بیماران سایر فرهنگها آمـادهنمی کند (14،23،28و29). مشارکتکنندگان اذعان داشـتندکه در دوران تحصیل خـود بـا موضـوع مراقبـت فرهنگـیآشنایی پیـدا نکـردهانـد و در دوران کـاری نیـ ز بـه آنهـا آموزش های لازم داده نمـیشـود و لـذا بـه صـلاحیت یـ ا شایستگی لازم در خصوص مراقبتهـای فرهنگـی دسـت
پیدا نکرده اند. نتا یج مطالعات متعدد نشان میدهد که تعداد

منابع

– Eriksson K. Understanding the world of the patient, the suffering human being: the new clinical paradigm from nursing to caring. Adv Pract Nurs Q. 1997; 3(1): 8-13.
– Henderson S. Factors impacting on nurses’ transference of theoretical knowledge of holistic care into clinical practice. Nurse Educ Pract. 2002; 2(4): 244-50.
– Cheraghi MA. Understanding and explaining how to transfer and use of knowledge and nursing practice model. Dissertation for Ph.D. degree in Nursing, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.1386. 4 – Tulman L, Watts RJ. Development and testing of the Blueprint for Integration of Cultural Competence in the Curriculum Questionnaire. J Prof Nurs. 2008; 24(3): 161-6.
– Hoye S, Severinsson E.Professional and cultural conflicts for intensive care nurses. J Adv Nurs. 2010; 66(4): 858-67.
– Wittig DR. Knowledge, skills and attitudes of nursing students regarding culturally congruent care of Native Americans.J Transcult Nurs. 2004; 15(1): 54-61.
– Calvillo E, Clark L, Ballantyne JE, Pacquiao D, Purnell LD, Villarruel AM. Cultural Competency in Baccalaureate Nursing Education. J Transcult Nurs. 2009; 20(2): 137-45.
۶
– de Guzman AB, Ormita MJ, Palad CM, Panganiban JK, Pestaño HO, Pristin MW. Filipino nursing students’ views of their clinical instructors’ credibility. Nurse Educ Today. 2007; 27(6): 529-33.
– Marcinkiw KL. A goal for nursing education. Nurse Educ Today. 2003; 23: 174-182.
– Joseph HJ. Attitudes and cultural self-efficacy levels of nurses caring for patients in army hospitals. J Natl Black Nurses Assoc. 2004; 15(1): 5-16.
– Hughes KH, Hood LJ. Teaching methods and an outcome tool for measuring cultural sensitivity in undergraduate nursing students. J Transcult Nurs. 2007; 18(1): 57-62.
– Anderson KL. Teaching cultural competence using an exemplar from literary journalism. J Nurs Educ. 2004; 43(6): 253-9.
– Ballantyne JE. Cultural competency: highlighting the work of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing-California Endowment Advisory Group. J Prof Nurs. 2008; 24(3): 133-4. 14 – Koskinen L. To Survive You Have to Adjust. Study Abroad as a Process of Learning Intercultural Competence in Nursing. (Doctoral dissertation). 2003, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland. 15 – Sloand E, Groves S, Brager R. Cultural competency education in American nursing programs and the approach of one school of nursing. Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh. 2004; 1: Article 6.
– Tortumluoglu G, Okanli A, Ozyazicioglu N, Akyil R. Cultural Competency in Baccalaureate Nursing Education y. Nurse Educ Today. 2006; 26(2): 169-75.
– Lydia A. DeSantis and Juliene G. Lipson.Brief History of Inclusion of Content on Culture in Nursing Education. J Transcult Nurs. 2007; 18(1): 7S-9s.
– Banks J. Teaching strategies for ethnic studies. 5th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon; 1991.
– Susan Jane Woody Rhoades. An exploration of perceptions of Associate of Science in nursing students related to transcultural nursing experiences. A thesis presented for the degree of PhD in education. Iowa State University. Ames, Iowa 2008.
– Campesino M. Beyond transculturalism: critiques of cultural education in nursing. J Nurs Educ. 2008; 47(7): 298-304.
– Systanei F. Study of the evolution of nursing in Islamic civilization and its nurses’s knowledge about it. Thesis for a master’s degree in Educational Management in Nursing Services, Tarbiat Modarres University. 1366.
– Jeffreys, Marianne R. Teaching cultural competence in nursing and health care: inquiry, action, and innovation Springer Publishing Company, Inc. 2006.
– Salehi S, Rahimi M, Abedi HA, Bahrami M. Students’ experiences of hidden curriculum in the School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Pajouhesh Dar Pezeshki. 2004; 27(3): 217-223. (Persian)
– Hughes KH, Hood LJ. Teaching methods and an outcome tool for measuring cultural sensitivity in undergraduate nursing students. J Transcult Nurs. 2007 Jan; 18(1): 57-62.
– Shariff F, Jahan Poor F, Salsaly M, Kaveh MH. Explaining the process of clinical decision making in nursing: a qualitative study. Iran J Nurs Res. 2010; 5(16): 21-31. (Persian)
– Hsieh HF, Shannon SE. Three approach to qualitative content analysis. Qualative Health Research. 2005; 15(9): 1277-1288.
– Cuellar NG, Brennan AM, Vito K, de Leon Siantz ML. Cultural competence in the undergraduate nursing curriculum. J Prof Nurs. 2008; 24(3): 143-9.
– Giger J, Davidhizar RE, Purnell L, Harden JT, Phillips J, Strickland O; American Academy of Nursing. Expert Panel report: developing cultural competence to eliminate health disparities in ethnic minorities and other vulnerable populations. J Transcult Nurs. 2007; 18(2): 95-102.
– Berggren V, Bergstrom S, Edberg A-K. Being different and vulnerable: experiences of immigrant African women who have been circumcised and sought maternity care in Sweden. J Transcult Nurs. 2006; 17: 50-57.
– Vydelingum V. Nurses’ experiences of caring for South Asian minority ethnic patients in a general hospital in England. Nurs Inq. 2006; 13: 23-32.
– Ryan M, Carlton KH, and Ali N. Transcultural nursing concepts and experiences in nursing curricula. J Transcult Nurs. 2000 Oct; 11(4): 300-7.
– Pierce JU. Managing managed care: the next level for transcultural nurses. J Transcult Nurs. 1999 Jul; 10(3): 181-2.
٧
Exploration of context of the cultural care education in Iran

Heidari MR (Ph.D) – Anooshe M (Ph.D) – Azadarmaki T (Ph.D) – Mohammadi E (Ph.D).

Introduction: Since cultural care is not included in nurses’ retraining and continuing education, clinical nurses should deal with the cultural needs of patients according to their own personal experiences. While measures to implement cultural interventions are unknown, the recognition of cultural factors influencing cultural care education is necessary to increase nurses’ ability to provide efficient care. The purpose of this study was to explore the context of the cultural care education in Iran.
Methods: Using a qualitative study, 23 clinical nurses with the experience of working in practice, were selected using purposive sampling.Semi-structured were held for data gathering. A content analysis approach was used to analyze the collected data.
Results: During the data analysis the following themes were developed: “inadequate academic training”, and “inadequate retraining”.
Conclusion: It was believed that in course planning, how to provide care to patients with different cultures, was a hidden part of the bachelor’s degree nursing program. Nurses learnt how to communicate with others based on their own experiences and mostly in th