amp;
%<2 < %<2 < 3 =5< ’7 +P< c 4@M
. P<& 5> <D %2 , 3 %2 – GD +P 7 – @
=5<Bl %<G8 <5h – P<R C<K -2 . ANSYS 1 A & ,
+P< + O < C<5S67 3 -, (< P – <2 v B %Sc ( < <2 %9 [0< ,W – <9 + 2 – PR – P D .
3 < +P +P5/B 3 % 2 ; 6 %SD 4 M G , +P W C<2 D | < & 2 P& P& %9 [0 ,W – 9 + . % P – 2
– @ % 2 – 9 – 2 M – 9 & =5 W – B 2 q & D , 3 % 2 ; R M +P 7 3 +P0& 7
+P< C<? K ; B5 : +P + . %S @ 2 &W – <2 F57 B5< +P& < ’< %<G8 P<Bl P< , .
3 (p) -SX< I2 <G <& @ < %<G8 5h -, ( P
<731 ;W F5 < @ – < 5>k 3 3 < +P< + O ( ) +, < <2 +P& < < R – <9 2 <b& Bl . < +P<
<2 V& < . +P PH P& f7 – 6O? ;3 L . 4 ? 2 55 7 X&W [ P2 % & M 7 3 P % & T O7 – PR 4 ?
.P& R 5 3 & 4? 2 – 6O? , U8 -SX
| < & 3 ’< H ;W 4 j 3 5 3 & / + 6& r =< E<9 – < , 4 M G 3 – + (> n6 – +,
%< 2 – <9 – PR CK . > 4 ? e f8 . P& +P > . 2 ; 6 d 7 Q3 = PBl 15& – @
. +P + &W , – PM7 2 , %< & – <D <jW N , 5 3 – f & [ ] 3 3^
3 P<& 3W < 2 +PBB. H T 3 % 2 V& . = PBl <.<2 : – @ % 2 F 3P6 – 1N C5S67 C 5S67 5 3 – f & [ ] ; X 9 3 .P & 2
V& < . P< =5< 3 < H 2 ; %0,W && 3P6 – 1N
[] ;X 9 3 %& 2 . P&. R +PBB. H T 3 %2
V < ,W +P0& 7 – @ %2 : P F
< 7 – <2 AISC t [u] < & =5<cW <. ( ) < M 2
: 3P6 +P c %r R – 9 +PBB.
722381-3198

E
b / tss0.56() )
<2 <57 4@ f7 5S? 2 %& 5H -1S _ D % 2 3 + 4 ? 2 4@ f7 > – q& P , 3 %[ (2 ;
Vf vS ? 4@ f<7 -<2 3< Vf = 0 P& < <
C5X0<7 , %<& %[ ’5(<> A15& <X %<2 <5] ;7 %
F -2 . 3W _ (K 2 -, – wR F5H -SfO
<9 57 <XB < 2 – @ %2 : F ;8
P<BB. < %0<0. ; P<5 <7 P& %. % ’ 33
CX 9 57 XB – N 2, K 2 F5H -SfO
% D $-? PB W % P PH & =5 H 3 @ 2 & P& 5[2
(<X A15& <X =< -2 [ – , .[u] ;X 9 3
< S5S67 A </& 2 , 5& =X : PBl -2 D E. K
% K ;W 2 +3R .P2 Vf6 -2 z %G8 5h %X57
Sf O , -P M7 = X 1 5& : F _D
.[z] 5&3 2 3 =2 PB W N3 2 57 F5H
<. < + ; 0<& ; >P&[& 4 M G |& K = 2
<2 _ <D %2 5] +P 7 – @ %2 – 9
< F<1& &< – <5 8 C? O C5X07 |&
C<? O C5X0<7 < 2 Vf 3 = , .[] – SR – % : &
. %C? K () M , & – 5 8
Vf = 4Mpc / hs() )
<<2 A /&<< .<< ;<< F5 <<H ; << Mpc ;W <<.
( ) <<M () 3 (–) ( ) – <<9 <<M %B 1[ <<N
<. P< W %< 2 +P oM7 – 9H v(K 2 () M
+P< ’ – @ % 2 % & % 2 3 +PB9 ; 0& : ; 2 57 vS? 4@ f7 2 : F (CX X) – GD
V = crbt +

tbtsin2 + A (sst + sc)cos d
4Mpc()
+

hs
%< 2 <5 ] 0<& < R E (<5 – <5 3 & & > F<l . – < 5 <N <2 N < <2 C5S67 d 7 +P C? K
< <2 C<5S67 | < & <2 (<& %) 3PK 7 =X
<2 |& K = .P9 ; 0& V 1 12 -5 N 2 N
+O 4? =2 B2 .P& F1& T 3 C. E5S(7 5]
<N 7 2 vB 5 3 -f & R 2 ( 2 %3 Q3 ,
< <2 | < & % & – SX 55 7 3 %0& . – 9 2 – <2 3 Q3 3 =< , . T E (5 %MD 3 – 5 ]
. 2 E (5 % 2 5 ] =5 ’7 5 3 | & 2 = . 5& E [ H 2 %B r CK Q3 ,Q3 3 9
<2 F5 <H %<9 > < l ; < 3 +P +O zg
< -, (< P -2 Shell 181 + > 9 -,W N V
.< +P< > . 2 – @ %2 – 1N A7 -PM2
< & 2 4 ? 3 2 – ‘> 2 SK 9 %& , – 9 +, 2 =5<5M7 $_ F<57 7 Q3 $o< : P<& o M7 C2 D ANSYS
=5<2 %& < , – <9 +, <2 , L< h /B .+’ %&, +, 2
+P< + O % [ 9 CX0 2 Sh – 2 / p 7 / P<K 3 F , aH % & 2 2 ;P5 > . %BM = P2 .
<2 <SK p <7 =52 3 | P7 2 2 P O52 T O7 %& , 3 <M2 <2 % < & <2 <. % </&W , .< %< R E (5
| < & <2 %<S5S67 | < & 6<? %[ (<2 f & 5MD
<& & <qB =5< 9 <2 .P<& +P< +P5/B M %9 [0 ,W 3 C<2 <. , < /p m <5 – . SPSW2 %0 ,W g P< <N 4 R : = > . 2 2 [p3 p] ; X 9
x f< <& & =< .( ) CX< +P _ ’ & : 2
– @ < +P<BB. <H T 3 3 %& <5H _ <D -& %f
-, < – < & E5S(<7 P<K VB7 . -:2 .P& +2 43 O
< +PBB. H T 3 E5S(7 PK VB7 3XH [ z
%<G8 P<Bl – < 5B6B (p) CX< .P& +P qB XH [
C<K . 2 – 9H 3 %f – 9 @ V& .$VB7
<. < %< <qK .P<9 %< ; 0& SPSW2 P – PR

[?H H] SPSW2 3- (F G! 6 E ;,
V& < . – 9 m2 5 3 -f & =5Bb 9 &W P&.
– 1<N P< C<5S67 mm <B y. P<K 2 %2
. P&2 . 2 ;W 3P6
: +P > . 2 C5S67 Q3 3 M G = A </& +, < +k< 3 < V& . C5S67 F 3 Q3 a}< P<& +P< C<? K %0& . – 9 – SX 3 +P
< H <2 C<5& 3 -, < 5< – <2 %< B 5 3 – SX 55 7 <2 ‘<> %G8 5h C5S67 3 +P R +, % K %0& .
A /& 8 BX – ‘> 2 67 Fl . -& X 55 7
Q3 <2 5 3 6 , %G8 5h – ‘> C5S67 . +P
<[ & 4<j . 43 O7 = 2 %G8 5h %X57 C5S67
.P& R C2 D %S5S67 Q3 = %& , – 5> 2 s 3P6 – 1N % PB9 %G8 5h C5S67 A3 Q3
67 t, -& X 55 7 2 ‘ > C 5S67 F.
%<& 4<j =2 B2 . > 4? 8BX -‘>2
|& – @ – wR %Mr V&. 3 %G8 5h V&. ,

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